The Holden Turner family


In Memory of John, son of John and Agnes Turner, who died May 12, 1860, aged 9 years and 7 mo’s

Agnes, the first child of John and Agnes Turner died in infancy. She also is buried here, her grave unmarked.

John Turner was a son of George Hutchinson Turner and his wife, Catherine Russell. He was a grandson of Holden Turner and Jennet Hutchinson, and of Jacob and Elizabeth Russell, Loyalists who settled in Kingsclear.

Holden Turner was born about 1761 in Ayr, Scotland, and came to New Brunswick in 1784. He was a member of St. Paul’s Church in 1843. Holden and Jennet had ten children. Uncles of John Turner operated the Turner American Express out of Saint John and were prosperous. John Turner drove the stage coach from Fredericton to St. Andrews and later the Woodstock stage.

Agnes was a daughter of Ebenezer Nicholson, who came to New Brunswick with his wife and children from Dumfries and settled in the parish of Douglas. The family attended the old Kirk. Another daughter, Sarah, married Robert Irwin, whose sister Margaret married Robert Colwell. Hugh Irwin, brother of Robert, married Matilda, the sister of William Grieves. This explains the proximity of the graves of the Turner, Irwin, Colwell, and Grieves families.

Buried here are Agnes and John, the first two children of John and Agnes Turner. The eldest six of John’s ten children were born in Fredericton. After 1860, the family apparently moved about and in 1865 were in Rivière-du-Loup. Agnes Turner died there in 1896, and John died in Winnipeg in 1911.

Margery Elizabeth, 1851-1854, child of J.S. and Susan Turner.

This inscription is on the reverse of the large Sampson stone.

Joshua S. Turner, a grandson of Holden Turner, had married Susan Johnson in 1851. She was a daughter of Margery Elizabeth Johnson, as was Jane, wife of Thomas Sampson, whose son Charles was the Fredericton agent for the Turner Express. Margery Johnson’s will in 1873 mentions a widowed Jane Sampson. She kept a grocery store in Fredericton, as did Joshua Turner in Saint John. He was also listed as a Commission Merchant and a ship owner/broker. The Saint John Directory lists him living at 130 Charlotte Street.

Wilmot Church records, Fredericton, NB:

Turner, Henry, son of Susan and Joshua Turner, merchant of Fredericton, b. 27 Oct. 1851, bapt. 14 March 1852.

Turner, Margery Elizabeth b. July 13, 1853, bapt. 16 Aug. 1854. Daughter of Joshua and Susan.

Joshua Sylvester, b. 14 May 1867 bapt. 15 Sept 1867, son of Joshua and Susan, green grocer of St. John.

Thomas Sampson, Charles Sampson, and Turner’s Express


Thomas Sampson 1807-1854

Jane Sampson 1819-1900

James Henry 1843-1846

Jane 1841-1915

Children of Thomas and Jane Sampson

Thomas Sampson came from England in 1830 with his wife and a baby. His wife died upon arrival, and he was remarried to Jane Johnson, who was Irish. He was a tinsmith and a printer.

Saint John, NB, 23 January 1854:

Deaths at Fredericton on the 17th inst. Mr. Thomas Sampson, aged 49 years, formerly of Devonshire, England.

The census for 1861 shows the widow Jane Sampson, 43, living with her children Thomas, 22, printer; Charles, 21; Jane, 19; John, 15; and William, 13. Hutchinson’s New Brunswick Directory for 1865-1866 lists Jane Sampson, widow of Thomas, and her two eldest sons located at Carleton near King Street. Thomas was a printer and Charles A. was an agent for Turner’s Express. Mary, Thomas Sampson’s daughter by his first wife, married John Harrison in 1859 at Portland, Maine.

New Brunswick Directory for 1865-66:

Turner’s American Express, Charles A. Sampson, Agent, Queen Street forwards packages and parcels of goods and money, goods purchased, notes, drafts and bills collected, Fredericton, St. John, Halifax, Boston, New York.

Turner’s Express was an active company, with agents in towns throughout the province. The elder Sampson may also have been connected with the business. In 1833 the schedule was Fredericton to Saint John, stopping overnight en route, proceeding the next day to Eastport, this part of the journey by stage. The following day at noon a sailing ship left Eastport for Boston, a trip that usually took two and a half days. This was speedier and more pleasant than going all the way by stage, which took eleven days.

The Gleaner, Fredericton, NB, 25 October, 1895:

Thomas Sampson, formerly of this city, but for some time back employed on the staff of a daily newspaper in Norwich, Conn., is in Fredericton on a visit. This is his first visit during 27 years. Mr. Sampson served his apprenticeship to the Art Preservative with the late John Simpson, Queen’s Printer in the Royal Gazette office. He is a brother of C.A. Sampson, Secretary of the Board of School Trustees. In his first stroll down Queen Street in 27 years, accompanied by his sister, he received quite an ovation from numerous old friends. About 1866 Mr. Sampson was an active member of the old Victoria Rifles (Capt. Simonds) of this city, as well as the old No. 1 engine company (Capt. John Moore) at present our esteemed city treasurer.

Jane, the widow of Thomas Sampson, is remembered as residing in Carleton Street with her unmarried daughter, “Jenny.” The family was prominent in the work of the Wilmot Church, and Charles Sampson was for many years Secretary of the Fredericton School Board.

The Alexander Colter family


Alexander Colter 1810-1891

Eleanor Colter 1810-1891

Anna Jane Colter 1843-1907

At one time there were six stones to mark the Colter graves, including the grave of Alexander Colter and that of his wife, Eleanor Johnson, believed to be buried here. A large, dark, substantial footstone with “A.C., E.C.” is lying in Section H of this burying ground, crowding against other graves and obviously misplaced.

Morning News, Saint John, NB, 1 September 1862:

Died at Nashwaak on Thursday, 28th ult. In the 84th year of his age, Mr. James Colter, a native of Ireland, for many years a respected resident.

Alexander Colter was born in Lietrim, Ireland. He was a son of James and Margaret Colter (or Coulter) who brought their family to New Brunswick from Ireland in the early 1820s. James settled on the Nashwaak, buying a tract of land from John Agnew that was part of the Stair Agnew estate and divided at his death. This originally had been part of the Monckton Grant of 1776 to John Anderson, father of William Anderson.

Alexander Colter farmed first at Sheffield, where he is believed to have met and married Eleanor Johnson, and later at the Mouth of the Keswick where he and his sons had splendid farms. The Colters were a Methodist family.

The York County census for 1851 lists in this household: Alexander, 41; Eleanor, 41; Samuel, 17; James, 14; Catherine, 12; George J., 10; Anna Jane, 8; Newton R., 5; and Thomas H., 2.

Three of his sons, George Johnson, Newton Ramsay, and Thomas, were prominent in provincial affairs. George Johnson Colter was twice elected a member of the New Brunswick legislature for York and was appointed to the Executive Council in 1882. He was a commissioner of public works, president of the Board of Agriculture, and the chief organizer of the York County Municipal Home. Ashley A. Colter of “Frogmore” was a son of George J. Colter.

Newton Ramsay Colter, M.D., of Woodstock, the fourth son of Alexander, was elected for Carleton then defeated by five votes in the next election. Newton and his brother Thomas were the only liberals of that generation in this family, and Thomas was an opponent of his brother in one election.

In Memory of Samuel, eldest son of Alexander and Eleanor Colter, drowned March 2, 1855, aged twenty-one years.

In memory of James, youngest son of James and Margaret Coulter, died Feb. 13th, 1863, aged 29 years.

In Memory of George Fraser, died 12th Dec. 1855, in the 26th year of his age. Also his only son George S. Colter died 27 May 1856 aged one year and six months.

I.M. of Newton, died 26th August 1844, aged 3 years. Henrietta died 30th September 1855, aged 3 years, 3 months, children of Thomas and Eliza Ramsey

George Fraser was a son-in-law of James Colter of Nashwaak. Thomas Ramsey also was a son-in-law of James Colter. He was a farmer and a road commissioner in York County.

The 1871 census lists Thomas Ramsey as 62, Irish, a surveyor, and a Wesleyan Methodist. His wife, Eliza, was 55 years of age. In addition to their five children, Eliza J., Hannah, Allan W., Annie, and Agnes, Mrs. Ramsey’s widowed mother, Margaret, Mrs. James Colter, 79, lived with them on the Marysville-Devon Road.